Wood Scorpion (Euscorpius italicus)
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Euscorpius italicus is a small species of wood scorpion found in the Mediterranean area.
Scorpions are ectothermic (cold-blooded), so they require heat from an external source such as a heat mat or heat lamp. The desired temperature is a gentle 25°C, with temperatures not exceeding 30°C. This is needed 24 hours a day, all year round.
Humidity is also required so that Scorpions don’t dry out.
Scorpions are very clean animals, and will require minimum maintenance. Collection of prey carcasses and wiping down of the sides of the enclosure weekly will ensure good hygiene for your scorpions.
Never use detergents or insecticides when cleaning.
Scorpions will periodically shed their exoskeleton throughout the year and during this period they will generally remain hidden.
Feeding should be stopped, as it will cause stress to the animal.
Scorpions are night time ambush hunters. When prey are present they strike with their pedipalps (pincers), trapping the prey. To kill their prey they will either crush them with their claws or use their stinger to inject venom into their prey. Once dead, the scorpion will suck out the body juices with their “chelicerae” (or fangs).
In the wild, scorpions will prey upon small insects, spiders or even other scorpions. In captivity they can be offered a range of invertebrate prey, such as crickets, wood roaches or silk worms.