Olea Europaea | Olive Tree - Mini Stem 70cm Tall
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Olives (Olea europaea) are evergreen trees that will add a Mediterranean touch to the garden. They are suited to garden or container cultivation, and may produce fruit in mild regions and warm summers.
- Ideal for gardens, patios or as a present
- Disease resistant
- Easy to maintain
- Position - Full sun
- Soil type: Moist, well drained, fertile
- Fruit producing: August to October
- Eventual Height 2-3 meters if not pruned
How to Care For Olive Trees
- This tree will grow in a sheltered spot in full sun. Ensure that there has very good drainage, at least 5 cm of pebbles at the bottom of the pot, which should have a large hole in the bottom. For the first few years, water regularly during their growth period.
- Olives grow very slowly, so dont require much pruning. However, pinching out young plants can help to encourage them to develop a branching shape. Once they are 1.5m (5ft high), select three or four of the strongest and best-placed shoots to retain, and pinch out the others.
- If needed, in late spring or early summer, remove dead, diseased or dying branches. At the same time, thin out branches to allow light into the centre of the tree and remove any branches that spoil the shape. Avoid pruning too hard as this will result in the over-production of non-fruiting water shoots.
- In order to initiate flowers and fruit, olive trees need a two-month period of cold weather (with temperatures below 10C (50F). They also need a fluctuation between day and night time temperatures. Plants kept indoors are therefore unlikely to flower.
- Olives are best-propagated by grafting, which is the preferred method in olive-growing regions. Grafting on to stock of Osmanthus can help produce smaller trees.
- Olea europaea can also be propagated by taking semi-ripe cuttings, 10-15cm (4-6in) long, in summer. Alternatively, in winter take hardwood cuttings of up to 30cm (12in) from one
- or two-year-old wood on mature trees, and root with bottom heat.